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Member States:
19:42Astana
18:12Tehran
19:42Bishkek
19:12Delhi
21:42Beijing
17:42Moscow
18:42Islamabad
18:42Dushanbe
18:42Tashkent
Observer States:
16:42Minsk
21:42Ulan-Bator
18:12Kabul
::
18:12Yerevan
19:12Katmandu
16:42Cairo
17:42Doha
17:42Riyadh
16:42Ankara
20:42Phnom Penh
19:12Sri Dzhayavardenepura Kotte
The Moscow Declaration of the Council of Heads of State of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation
18.11.2020 17:18

The leaders ofthe member states ofthe Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), followingthe meeting ofthe SCO Council ofHeads ofState held viavideoconference on10 November 2020, declare the following.

International relations are passing througha stage ofprofound transformation, consolidation ofnew political and economic power centres, and formation ofthe world order onthe principles ofmultipolarity. This process is unfolding againstthe background ofincreased challenges and threats tointernational security and the existing system ofinterstate relations based onrespect forand compliance withthe generally accepted norms ofinternational law. The politicisation ofworld economic ties and a lack ofsignificant progress inreforming the existing international financial institutions, aswell asthe global political and socioeconomic consequences ofthe COVID-19 pandemic involve serious risks forthe sustained development ofthe world economy.

The member states note that 2020 is the year ofthe 75th anniversary ofVictory inWorld War II and that ofthe 75th anniversary ofthe establishment ofthe United Nations Organisation (UN). The Great Victory overNazism, fascism and militarism was offundamental importance forthe further course ofworld history, security and stability, and made it possible toform a stable system ofinternational relations guaranteeing mankind's peaceful development. The Statement inconnection withthe celebration ofgreat Victory, which is tobe approved today, is a vivid and convincing demonstration ofunity, friendship and mutual understanding, aswell asa symbol ofcommitment tothe preservation ofhistorical memory aboutthe heroic feat ofvalour committed byour peoples. They cherish and value highly the feat ofvalour committed bythe peoples ofall countries, which fought onthe side ofthe Anti-Hitler Coalition and which secured the great Victory overNazism, fascism and militarism atthe cost ofhuge human losses.

The member states will continue tostrengthen the SCO asone ofthe pillars ofthe emerging more representative world order based onthe supremacy ofinternational law, primarily the UN Charter, respect forthe civilisational diversity and peoples' independent choice ofthe path oftheir political and socioeconomic development, equitable partnership ofstates inthe interests ofensuring equal, joint, indivisible, comprehensive and stable security, progressive growth and prosperity inthe SCO space, and the implementation forthis purpose ofthe 2030.Agenda forSustainable Development. They intend tointensify their political dialogue, collaboration and coordination, topromote contacts and cooperation betweenlegislatures and executive agencies, and toencourage an exchange ofthe best practices inthe sphere ofstate administration and development.
The member states confirm their firm support forefforts being undertaken bythe UN asa universal, multilateral organisation that plays the central and coordinating role inmaintaining international peace and stability, incentivising global development, and promoting and protecting human rights.

The member states are infavour ofshaping a multipolar world order based ongenerally recognised principles ofinternational law, multilaterality, equal and indivisible security, renunciation ofconfrontation and conflicts, and the strengthening ofglobal and regional security and stability. Taking intoconsideration the opinions ofthe member states, they have confirmed the current importance ofthe initiatives topromote collaboration inbuilding international relations ofa new type inthe spirit ofmutual respect, fairness, equality and mutually beneficial cooperation and inshaping a common vision ofthe idea tocreate a community ofcommon destiny formankind.

The SCO is an influential and responsible member ofthe modern system ofinternational relations, which will continue building upits contribution toensuring peace and security and settling international and regional conflicts solely bythe political and diplomatic methods based onthe principles ofequality, respect forsovereignty, territorial integrity and non-interference ininternal affairs ofstates, and renunciation ofthe use or threat offorce. The member states are guided bythe principles ofmutual trust, mutual benefit, equality, mutual consultations, respect forthe diversity ofcultures, striving forco-development, aims and objectives ofthe SCO Charter, the Treaty ofLong-Term Good Neighbourliness, Friendship and Cooperation, the SCO Development Strategy until2025, and the Programme ofMultilateral Trade and Economic Cooperation, and intend tocontinue promoting their political, security, trade, economic, financial, investment, cultural and humanitarian cooperation.
Security

The member states note that transnational challenges and threats tosecurity, primarily terrorism, separatism, extremism, drug trafficking, organised crime and cybercrime, continue togrow, and the interconnection betweenthem is also increasing. Reaffirming the central and coordinating role ofthe UN, they advocate taking coordinated action tocurb these risks onthe basis ofcompliance withinternational law and respect forthe national legislation ofeach state.

In this context, member states welcome the adoption ofthe Code ofConduct towardsAchieving a World Free ofTerrorism atthe 73rd session ofthe UN General Assembly.

The member states reaffirm their common conviction that there is no alternative toresolving the crisis inSyria throughdialogue and withdue respect forthe sovereignty, independence, unity and territorial integrity ofthat state. They support promoting an inclusive political reconciliation process led byand consisting ofthe Syrians themselves inorder tofind solutions that would meet the interests ofthat country and the international community, aboveall the cessation ofterrorist activity onSyrian territory. They underline the importance ofintensifying international efforts toassist Syria inthe post-conflict recovery, and help inbringing the refugees and internally displaced persons back home.

In the context ofimplementing the Programme ofSCO Member States Cooperation inCombating Terrorism, Separatism and Extremism for2019 ̵ 2021, the member states will continue their collaboration inidentifying and blocking channels forthe movement ofparticipants inplanned terrorist activities, including movement ofpersons incriminated interrorist, separatist and extremist activities withinthe borders ofthe SCO countries.

The member states advocate the consistent deepening ofcounterterrorism cooperation betweenthe SCO and the UN, including projects where relevant UN bodies provide technical assistance tothe SCO member states attheir request. They welcome the signing ofMemorandums ofUnderstanding betweenthe SCO Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure (RATS) and the UN Office ofCounter-Terrorism, aswell aswith the Executive Directorate ofthe UN Security Council Counter-Terrorism Committee. The parties call forthe early adoption, byconsensus, ofa comprehensive convention againstinternational terrorism.

The member states underscore the special role ofthe SCO RATS, a body engaged inpractical activities forcountering terrorism, separatism and extremism withinthe SCO space.

The member states commend the results ofthe first and second stages ofthe joint border operation Solidarity 2019 ̵ 2021, the joint anti-terrorist exercise Sary-Arka-Antiterror 2019, aswell asthe joint anti-terrorist exercise Xiamen-2019 aimed atidentifying and combating the use ofthe internet forterrorist, separatist and extremist purposes. They also note the importance ofthe regular joint anti-terrorist military exercises Peace Mission.

The member states welcome the efforts ofthe Republic ofTajikistan topromote cooperation inthe fight againstterrorism and its financing inCentral Asia byregularly holding high-level international conferences inDushanbe (the Dushanbe Process).

The member states reiterate the importance ofstepping upcommon efforts toprevent and preclude the proliferation ofterrorist, separatist and extremist ideologies. They are convinced that the promotion ofextremist, separatist and terrorist ideas and any information support, propaganda and justification ofterrorism are creating conditions forthe proliferation ofradical sentiments and the recruitment ofnew members intoterrorist organisations.

The member states point outthe humanitarian character ofthe activities toreturn their citizens, most ofthem women and children, fromthe zones ofarmed conflicts. They pay particular attention tothe social rehabilitation and reintegration oftheir citizens who have succumbed toterrorism. However, these measures must not rule outor replace the prosecution ofthose whose involvement interrorist activities has been established incourt inaccordance withthe national legislation.

The member states consider it important toimplement the UN General Assembly and Security Council resolutions oncombating terrorism and extremism, aswell asthe UN Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy, withdue regard fortheir national experience and specifics. In this context, they emphasise the special significance ofthe SCO Convention onCountering Extremism, which came intoeffect in2019.

The member states note the importance ofbuilding upthe combined efforts ofthe international community toresist any attempts toinvolve young people inthe activities ofterrorist, separatist and extremists groups, and, inthis context, will continue toconsistently implement the SCO heads ofstate's Joint Address forthe Youth and the Action Plan toimplement it (adopted inQingdao on10 June 2018), giving particular attention tothe efforts toprevent the proliferation ofreligious intolerance, xenophobia and racial discrimination.

The member states emphasise the importance ofdeveloping a best practice guide toprevent the proliferation ofillegal content onthe internet and coordinating common standards based onthe norms ofinternational law and respect forthe leading role ofthe concerned states and their agencies inthe fight againstthe proliferation ofextremist, separatist and terrorist content onthe internet and the use ofinformation and communications technology forterrorist purposes.

The member states express concern overthe global drug problem, inparticular, the illegal production, trafficking and abuse ofnarcotic drugs and psychotropic substances, including opiates and other drugs. They also express readiness tocoordinate their efforts atrelated international venues duringdiscussions onthe practical aspects ofthe fight againstthe global drug threat.

The member states proceed fromthe premise that the illegal cultivation, production and trafficking ofnarcotic drugs, psychotropic substances and their precursors, inparticular, inAfghanistan, pose a serious threat tointernational and regional security and stability. They are especially concerned aboutthe connection betweendrug-related crime and terrorism, including the use ofdrug profits forterrorism financing.

The member states declare their firm intention tofacilitate the maintenance and strengthening ofthe existing international system ofdrug enforcement based onthe UN Single Convention onNarcotic Drugs (1961), the UN Convention onPsychotropic Substances (1971) and the UN Convention againstIllicit Traffic inNarcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances (1988) and express their resolve towork together againstthe promotion ofdrug abuse and attempts tolegalise the non-medical use ofnarcotic drugs.

The mMember states advocate stepping upcooperation withother interested countries, regional and international organisations and structures forcoming upwith a consolidated response tothe threat posed bynarcotic drugs atglobal and regional levels, based onthe principle ofthe common and shared responsibility ofthe states. They reaffirm their commitment toeffectively carrying outthe SCO Anti-Drug Strategy for2018 ̵ 2023, the Programme ofAction forimplementing it, aswell asthe SCO Concept forthe Prevention ofthe Abuse ofNarcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances.

Emphasising the importance ofthe three international drug control conventions and other relevant legal instruments, they believe it necessary toact inorder tobuild an effective framework forcombining their efforts tofight the drug threat, effectively counter the cultivation, production and trafficking ofdrugs, psychotropic substances and their precursors, aswell ascounter the spread ofdrug abuse, including bydrafting a concept forthe establishment ofan SCO anti-drug centre inDushanbe.

The member states favour constructive dialogue and the continuation ofholding joint events withthe UN Office onDrugs and Crime (UNODC). The SCO and UNODC will coordinate their positions withinthe UN Commission onNarcotic Drugs (CND) and other relevant international multilateral forums.

The member states intend towork together oncountering attempts tolegalise the non-medical use ofnarcotic drugs, proceeding fromthe premise that legalising drugs is unacceptable, and constitutes a flagrant violation ofthe three universal conventions onthis matter.

The member states are looking forward tostrengthening mutually beneficial cooperation withthe interested countries and international organisations incountering drug trafficking. They note the need todraft a memorandum ofunderstanding betweenthe Central Asian Regional Information and Coordination Centre forCombating the Illicit Trafficking ofNarcotic Drugs, Psychotropic Substances and Their Precursors and the SCO Secretariat forpromoting contacts, sharing experience and best practices.

The member states gave a positive assessment ofthe high-level side event, held on2 March 2020 inVienna aspart ofthe 63rd session ofthe Commission onNarcotic Drugs, and titled "UN and SCO inthe fight againstthe illicit drug threat: Countering drug trafficking viathe dark net," and reaffirmed their commitment tothe Paris Pact Initiative.

The member states have taken note ofthe outcomes ofthe regular anti-drug operation Spider Web, held between23 and 27 May 2020 bythe Russian Federation, and intend tohold it inthe future.

The member states intend topay special attention todisrupting the financing ofdrug trafficking, including considering the fact that this matter is intertwined withother forms oforganised crime and terrorist activities.

The member states view fighting organised crime and economic crime withinthe SCO asa major priority. They believe that devising more international cooperation mechanisms inthis sphere would constitute an adequate step towardsbuilding upand upgrading capabilities formaking effective joint use ofthe emerging opportunities and countering new challenges and threats.

The member states have taken note ofthe initiative bythe Kyrgyz Republic toestablish a mechanism fordiscussing ways tofight economic crime.

The member states note that all manifestations ofcorruption threaten national and regional security. They reduce the efficiency ofgovernance, undermine the international prestige and appeal ofthe states involved and impede their steady socioeconomic development. The countries favour further consolidation ofinternational cooperation againstcorruption, and an increase inthe authority and role ofthe UN inthe global anti-corruption drive, and support the relevant UN Convention.

The member states firmly advocate the preservation and consolidation ofthe existing norms and mechanisms ofglobal stability and arms control. They are concerned aboutunilateral actions that undermine these mechanisms and express regret overthe discontinuation ofthe 1987 Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty betweenthe Soviet Union and the United States.

The member states shall continue cooperating onissues ofdisarmament and arms control, including non-proliferation ofnuclear weapons, peaceful uses ofnuclear energy, and political and diplomatic responses toglobal and regions challenges tonon-proliferation.

The member states point outagain that unlimited unilateral build-up ofglobal missile defence systems byindividual states or groups ofstates is undermining international security and stability. They consider any attempts toensure national security atthe expense ofthe security ofother states tobe unacceptable.

The member states stand forkeeping the outer space free ofany weapons and note the importance ofstrict observance ofthe existing regulations onexclusively peaceful uses ofspace. They emphasise the need tosign a legally binding international document that would ensure transparency and provide reliable guarantees forpreventing the arms race and refraining fromfirst placement ofweapons inouter space. They welcome the efforts ofthe UN's Group ofGovernmental Experts toreview and present their recommendations onthe substantive points ofthis document.

The member states emphasise the importance ofthe Convention onthe Prohibition ofthe Development, Production and Stockpiling ofBacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weapons and ontheir Destruction (BTWC) asa pillar ofthe global security architecture. They point tothe need tostrictly abide bythe BTWC and advocate the adoption ofa protocol that would envisage a reliable verification mechanism. They are opposed tocreating any mechanisms that duplicate the BTWC functions, including those covered bythe competence ofthe UN Security Council.

In response tothe threats ofchemical and biological terrorism, they reaffirm the need tolaunch multilateral talks onthe international convention oncountering the acts ofchemical and biological terrorism atthe Conference onDisarmament.

The member states urge full observance ofthe Convention onthe Prohibition ofthe Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use ofChemical Weapons and ontheir Destruction (Chemical Weapons Convention) asan effective disarmament and non-proliferation instrument. They emphasise the importance ofdestroying all declared stocks ofchemical weapons assoon aspossible.

The member states again declare their support forthe Organisation forthe Prohibition ofChemical Weapons (OPCW). They advocate the adoption ofagreed-upon decisions witha view toovercoming differences withinthe OPCW and ensuring its integrity and effective work inaccordance withthe convention.

The member states consider important the consistent implementation ofthe Joint Comprehensive Plan ofAction (JCPOA) onthe Iranian nuclear programme inline withUN Security Council Resolution 2231, and urge all participants tostrictly fulfil all oftheir commitments forthe all-round and effective implementation ofthe plan.

The member states that are parties tothe Non-Proliferation Treaty support strict observance ofthe NPT provisions, the comprehensive balanced promotion ofall the goals and principles set forth init, the strengthening ofthe global nuclear non-proliferation regime, the further nuclear disarmament process, and the advancement ofequitable, mutually beneficial cooperation inpeaceful uses ofatomic energy.

The member states believe that the Protocol onsecurity assurances tothe Central Asian Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone Treaty forall signatory states should be enacted assoon aspossible and will make a significant contribution toregional security and the nuclear non-proliferation regime.

The member states emphasise that modern information and communications technology creates new advantages and development opportunities forall humankind. They oppose discriminatory steps, taken underany pretext, that can impede the development ofthe digital economy and communications technology. They consider it necessary towork out, underthe auspices ofthe UN, universal rules, principles and norms ofresponsible state behaviour incyberspace inorder topromote the development ofthe digital economy and communications technology, aswell asto prevent the use ofthis technology forpurposes incompatible withmaintaining international peace, security and stability. The member states reaffirm their commitment tocontinue intensive exchanges inthis area and coordinate their efforts oninternational platforms, also inorder toensure information security inthe SCO space. The coordinated position ofthe Republic ofKazakhstan, the People's Republic ofChina, the Kyrgyz Republic, the Islamic Republic ofPakistan, the Russian Federation, the Republic ofTajikistan and the Republic ofUzbekistan withregard tofurther efforts onthis track is laid outin the Statement bythe Council ofHeads ofState ofthe SCO Member States onCooperation inInternational Information Security

The member states believe that putting together a SCO cooperation plan forensuring international information security will further strengthen cooperation inthis area.

The member states consider the soonest possible settlement inAfghanistan asone ofthe most important factors inmaintaining and strengthening security and stability withinthe SCO space. They support the efforts made bythe Afghan government and people torestore peace, advance economic development and fight terrorism, extremism and drug-related crime. The member states emphasise that there is no alternative toresolving the conflict inAfghanistan throughpolitical dialogue and an inclusive peace process led and pursued bythe Afghans themselves, and call fordeeper cooperation ofall interested states and international organisations, withthe central coordinating role ofthe UN, inorder tostabilise and develop that country. In this context, they attach great importance tofurther interaction invarious multilateral formats, including the SCO-Afghanistan Contact Group, the Moscow format consultations and others.

The member states welcome the Republic ofTajikistan co-chairing the Heart ofAsia ̵ Istanbul Process 2020 aimed atexpanding regional cooperation onAfghanistan, aswell asthe planned ninth ministerial conference ofthe Istanbul Process inDushanbe.

The member states point outthat the dynamically developing global processes are posing new challenges tothe regional countries when it comes tocoordinating common confidence-building measures and promoting cooperation. In this connection, they reiterate the need tocontinue expanding ties betweenthe SCO and the Conference onInteraction and Confidence-Building Measures inAsia (CICA).

The member states welcome the outcome ofthe 15th SCO Forum held on29 September 2020 viavideoconference, and emphasise the importance ofthe further development ofthe SCO Forum's activities asa public advisory and expert mechanism.

Interparliamentary ties

The member states consider it important togive a fresh impetus tothe ties betweentheir legislative assemblies and topromote an exchange ofexperience inthe field ofstate governance and development.

Interaction inthe judicial sphere

The member states express appreciation forthe results ofthe Supreme Court Chief Justices ofthe SCO Member States' meetings held inSochi on17 ̵ 19 June 2019 and inNur-Sultan on30 October 2020. They believe that this mechanism has become a reliable platform forproductive cooperation aimed atfacilitating joint activities toprotect human rights and freedoms and topromote justice, law and order, which helps tocoordinate the functioning ofthe SCO member states' courts, find solutions tothe common challenges facing the regional countries' judicial systems, enhance the efficiency ofinter-court collaboration, and create conditions fordeeper judicial reforms. They are convinced that effective cooperation betweenthe SCO member states' supreme courts is conducive tomaintaining and strengthening mutual trust, neighbourliness and friendship, aswell asmutually beneficial cooperation.

Trade and economic cooperation

The member states emphasise the importance ofthe further improvement ofthe global economic governance architecture and will work consistently touphold and strengthen an open, transparent, fair, inclusive and non-discriminatory trade system based onthe principles and rules ofthe World Trade Organisation (WTO), promote the development ofan open global economy, and combat the unilateral protectionist measures, which are undermining the system ofmultilateral trade and endangering the global economy.

The member states view the WTO asthe main platform fordiscussing the international trade agenda and adopting the rules ofa multilateral trade system. In order tomake the WTO more resilient tothe current and future challenges, the member states point outthe need toconduct an inclusive WTO reform assoon aspossible, focusing onits further development and adaptation tomodern economic realities, aswell asan efficient implementation ofits monitoring, negotiating and dispute settlement functions. Emphasising the importance ofcomplying withthe obligations adopted withinthe WTO framework, they will coordinate their approaches tomultilateral trade rules atWTO ministerial conferences.
The member states regard the task ofenhancing the wellbeing and living standards oftheir people asa priority. In this connection, they express appreciation forthe initiative ofthe Islamic Republic ofPakistan toestablish a Special Working Group onPoverty Alleviation.

The member states call forthe further strengthening ofcooperation intrade, production, transport, energy, finance, investment, agriculture, customs, telecommunications, information technology, innovation and other spheres ofmutual concern inthe interests ofopen, inclusive, innovative, green and sustainable development.

The member states are committed tofacilitating trade and investment forgradually introducing the free movement ofgoods, capital, services and technology, asstipulated bythe SCO Charter. They spoke infavour offurther efforts todevise approaches tostreamlining regional trade asper the Joint Communiqué bySCO Heads ofState onSimplifying Trade Procedures, dated 10 June 2018.

Reaffirming their support forChina's Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), the Republic ofKazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, the Islamic Republic ofPakistan, the Russian Federation, the Republic ofTajikistan and the Republic ofUzbekistan note the ongoing joint work onthe project including efforts topromote connectivity betweenthe Eurasian Economic Union and BRI.

The member states believe inthe importance ofengaging the potential ofcountries inthe region, aswell asinternational organisations and multilateral associations inbuilding a space forbroad, inclusive, mutually beneficial and equal cooperation inEurasia inkeeping withinternational law, primarily the principles ofequality, mutual respect and taking intoconsideration national interests. In this context, they noted the initiative bythe Russian Federation toestablish a Greater Eurasian Partnership withthe participation ofthe Shanghai Cooperation Organisation, the Eurasian Economic Union, the Association ofSoutheast Asian Nations, aswell asother interested states and multilateral associations.
The member states emphasise the importance ofconsistently implementing the Programme forMultilateral Trade and Economic Cooperation and the corresponding Plan ofAction. They note that the SCO has considerable economic and investment potential forstepping uptrade and economic cooperation. Expanding and strengthening cooperation infinance, investment, industry, transport, energy, agriculture and other areas, including throughthe development and implementation ofjoint programmes and projects, serves the interests ofsustainable socioeconomic development acrossthe SCO region.

The member states believe inthe importance ofstrengthening mutually beneficial cooperation and sharing best practices onmatters related tothe digital economy, and upholding the principles offair competition when developing digital technology. The Statement bythe SCO Heads ofState Council onCooperation inthe Digital Economy sets forth coordinated approaches inthis sphere.

The SCO member states note the initiative bythe People's Republic ofChina tostep uphigh technology cooperation and promote industrial applications foradvanced technological solutions, and believe that the relevant ministries and agencies inthe SCO member states should examine this proposal.

They call forimplementing the Concept forCooperation betweenthe SCO Member States inthe Sphere ofDigitisation and Information and Communication Technology (Bishkek, 14 June 2019), including bydevising and adopting a plan ofaction tothis effect, aswell aspromoting dialogue withinthe SCO Special Working Group forInformation and Telecommunications Technology.

The member states note the initiative ofthe Republic ofUzbekistan toestablish a mechanism forfacilitating interaction betweenthe heads ofagencies incharge ofpromoting information technology.

The member states support expanding the practice ofnational currency payments and increasing the share ofsuch payments inthe mutual settlements betweenthe interested SCO member states. They noted the outcome ofthe roundtable meeting involving representatives offinance ministries and central banks (held on24 September 2020 viavideoconference), including the discussion ofthe roadmap forgradual transition tomutual payments innational currencies. They found it expedient tocontinue working onmeasures toresolve this issue, including establishment ofan expert group.

The member states spoke infavour ofcontinuing consultations onestablishing the SCO Development Bank and the SCO Development Fund (Special Account).

The member states note the initiatives focusing oncooperation instrategic territorial and spatial planning, including exchange ofpractices and developing common approaches todeveloping remote and rural areas, including sparsely populated areas, building an urban environment, including bymeans ofdigital technology. They find it important tomake practical steps inthis area based onthe Concept ofCooperation onthe Development ofRemote and Rural Areas inthe Digital Age, aswell asto develop an action plan forimplementing the concept inline withthe objectives and principles ofthe SCO Charter and other regulatory documents ofthe Organisation.

The member states emphasise the importance ofcooperation betweenscientific, research and analytical centres oneconomic issues forthe purpose ofconducting a study and comprehensive analysis ofthe factors affecting economic cooperation withinthe SCO withdue consideration ofglobal and regional processes. They welcome the establishment ofthe SCO Consortium ofEconomic Analysis Centres and the results ofits first meeting inIndia.

The member states realise that the lack ofaccess tosources ofsafe drinking water, basic sanitary services and healthy hygiene are serious problems intoday's world, and note the importance ofpaying great attention tosustainable development and the integrated management ofwater resources.

The member states confirm their support ofthe Republic ofTajikistan's efforts withregard tothe 2018 ̵ 2028 International Decade forAction onWater forSustainable Development initiative, which seeks tofacilitate achieving the Sustainable Development Goals and other water-related objectives. In this context, they note the preparations forthe 2nd international high-level conference onthe issue inDushanbe.

The member states will continue tofurther strengthen cooperation betweenregions and concentrate onimplementing the Programme forthe Development ofInterregional Cooperation. They welcomed the results ofthe First SCO Member States' Heads ofRegions Forum held on29 October 2020 viavideoconference and the initiative ofthe People's Republic ofChina onbuilding the Demonstration Zone forChina-SCO Local Economic and Trade Cooperation inQingdao.

The member states support promoting the potential ofthe SCO Business Council, the SCO Interbank Consortium and the business communities' joint initiatives tostep upcooperation onprojects inthe areas offinance, high technology, transport and communication infrastructure, power generation, and investment inthe SCO space.

In this context, they noted the Russian initiative tohave the SCO Interbank Consortium draw upand approve a Roadmap onOvercoming the Consequences ofthe COVID-19 Pandemic forthe SCO Economies, aswell asCommon Approaches tousing national currencies inmutual settlements betweenSCO member states.

The member states concur withthe importance offurther developing transport cooperation, including the creation ofnew and the upgrading ofexisting international highway and rail routes, multimodal transport corridors and logistics centres, trade and tourism, the introduction ofdigital, innovation and energy-saving technologies, the streamlining oftrans-border procedures inkeeping withbest international practices, and the implementation ofother joint infrastructure projects ensuring the effective use ofthe SCO member states' transiting potential. They note the need forthe early coordination ofthe draft Framework Agreement betweenthe Governments ofthe SCO Member States onthe Formation ofthe Integrated Transport Management System.

The member states will focus onimplementing projects that ensure the expansion ofthe region's transport and communications capabilities, including withreliance onthe potential ofthe SCO observer states and dialogue partners, aswell asinternational organisations. In this connection, they noted the holding bythe SCO Secretariat and the UN Economic Commission forEurope ofa joint themed event titled Implementation ofthe 2030 Agenda forSustainable Development alongthe Trans-Continental Eurasian Transport Corridors (Geneva, 27 February 2020).

The member states stand forcreating new and ofmodernising the existing international multimodal logistics centres inthe SCO space, including bypreparing a relevant programme aimed atenhancing the level oftransport connectivity inthe region.

The member states noted the initiative bythe Republic ofUzbekistan tocreate a Regional Centre forthe Development ofTransport and Communications Connectivity inCentral Asia underUN aegis.

The member states are infavour ofthe further development ofcollaboration betweenrail administrations based onthe concept approved on2 November 2019 inTashkent.

The member states noted the initiative bythe Republic ofUzbekistan todraft a strategy forcooperation betweenSCO member states inpromoting transport connectivity.

The member states stressed the importance offurther increasing energy and industrial cooperation. They noted the initiative advanced bythe Republic ofTajikistan oncreating mechanisms formeetings ofthe SCO energy ministers and meetings ofthe ministers ofindustry ofthe SCO member states.

The member states will further strengthen cooperation inagriculture, specifically focusing onthe effective implementation ofthe SCO Cooperation Programme onFood Security (Dushanbe, 12 October 2018). They also consider it necessary todevelop a package ofmeasures aimed atimproving cooperation inensuring food security, primarily bycreating an appropriate regulatory and legal framework, atconducting awareness and analytical work inthis area, joint training ofspecialists and building cooperation withinterested states and international organisations. The member states are confident that finalising and adopting a plan toimplement this programme will be an important practical step.

The member states noted the relevance ofthe initiative bythe Republic ofUzbekistan toadopt a oncept ofthe SCO member states' cooperation insmart agriculture and agricultural innovation.

The member states noted the initiative bythe People's Republic ofChina toestablish an SCO Demonstration Zone foragricultural exchanges and training inYangling.

The member states think it necessary tostrengthen the potential oftechnology parks, tojointly develop an innovation ecosystem, implement joint R&D projects, and start new digital projects inthe SCO countries. They noted the initiative bythe Republic ofKazakhstan toform a pool ofmodern technology parks inthe SCO member states.

The member states noted the initiative bythe Republic ofIndia toestablish a special working group oninnovations and startups, and also welcomed the results ofthe first SCO Startup Forum held viavideoconference on27 October 2020.

The member states intend, while recognising the importance ofscience and technology innovation asa key factor inmedium and long-term economic growth and global sustainable development, toexpand cooperation inscience, technology and innovation, toconduct joint scientific research, and organise exchanges ofexperience betweenSCO scientists and scientific organisations tofind new drivers ofeconomic growth and solutions toovercome common social challenges. They welcomed the results ofthe 5th Meeting ofthe Heads ofScience and Technology Ministries and Departments ofthe SCO Member States (Moscow, 21 November 2019) and reaffirmed the need fortheir consistent implementation.

The member states express concern aboutthe drastic impact ofthe desiccation ofthe Aral Sea and underscore the importance offurther cooperation withthe UN, aswell aswith other interested states and agencies intackling the problems inthe Aral Sea basin. Taking intoaccount the positions ofthe parties, they noted the initiatives bythe Republic ofUzbekistan toprepare a draft resolution ofthe UN General Assembly declaring the Aral Sea region a zone ofenvironmental technologies and innovations, aswell asto establish the UN International Day forthe Protection and Conservation ofEcosystems.

The member states noted the initiative ofthe Republic ofUzbekistan todevelop the SCO Green Belt Programme topromote a broad introduction ofresource-saving, environmentally friendly technologies.

Cultural, humanitarian and public exchanges

The member states support the efforts topromote the inter-civilisational dialogue and foster links ineducation, science, technology, culture, humanitarian sphere and tourism, thereby further strengthening the relations ofneighbourliness, friendship and cooperation. They will encourage the intercultural dialogue inthe interest ofthe peoples living acrossthe SCO area, help increase the cultural diversity and cooperate inexploring and protecting the region's cultural and natural heritage.

In this context, they note the role ofthe regular World Nomad Games inpreserving and promoting the ancient nomad culture and traditions.

In keeping withthe Agreement Between the Governments ofthe SCO Member States onCooperation inCulture of2007, work will go onto hold international festivals and competitions, expand cooperation inmusic, theatre and fine art, aswell asin film-making, TV and radio broadcasting and inthe media, foster contacts betweenarchives, museums and libraries, and encourage tourism acrossthe SCO area and contacts betweenpeople, especially young people.

The member states believe it is important todeclare the SCO Year ofCulture aspart ofthe celebrations tomark the 20th anniversary ofthe SCO in2021.

The member states praise India's proposal tohold, ina digital format, a joint exhibition ofthe SCO Shared Buddhist Heritage inNew Delhi from30 November 2020 through28 February 2021.

The member states note the importance ofvigorous efforts tosupport women's involvement inpolitics, the economy and the civil, social and other areas. They believe it is important that women regularly hold forums, congresses and meetings aspart ofthe SCO events.

While recognising the role ofsport asa key tool forensuring peace, social integration and sustainable development, the member states note that the use ofathletes and sporting events forpolitical purposes is unacceptable. They support the consistent efforts toimplement the Agreement onCooperation inPhysical Fitness and Sport signed bythe authorised bodies ofthe SCO member states in2019 and will help create favourable conditions forpromoting physical fitness and sport, seek tostrengthen friendly relations throughphysical fitness and sport, motivate athletes totake part ininternational sporting events, foster cooperation indeveloping Olympic, Paralympic and national sports, and also facilitate direct contacts betweensports federations.

The member states noted the initiative put forward bythe Republic ofTajikistan todevelop a mechanism forholding meetings ofthe heads ofthe sports bodies inthe SCO member states.

The member states praise the efforts toregularly hold SCO marathons inKunming, People's Republic ofChina, and the Issyk-Kul Region inthe Kyrgyz Republic. They believe the 2022 Winter Olympic and Paralympic Games inBeijing will contribute tostrengthening friendship and promoting mutual understanding and accord betweennations.

The member states will continue toconsistently develop cooperation intourism and help introduce measures toexpand tourist exchanges and step upcooperation withthe World Tourism Organisation. They remain committed toholding a series ofthe SCO Eight Wonders events, which are aimed atcreating a single tourist space.

The member states emphasise the need tocontinue efforts toreduce the risks ofdisasters and develop emergency response potential. They intend toenhance their cooperation inareas such asthe exchange ofreal-time information, personnel training, and holding ofjoint exercises onrelief efforts followingnatural disasters and industrial accidents. They are also going topromote cooperation onearly warning and disaster relief inborder areas, inpart, byinvolving SCO observers and dialogue partners inthese efforts and developing cooperation withother multilateral mechanisms inthis area.

The member states highly praised the results ofthe 10th SCO Meeting ofHeads ofEmergency Prevention and Relief Agencies and SCO Joint Exercise onUrban Earthquake Search and Rescue (New Delhi 4 ̵ 8 November 2019).

The member states pointed tothe importance ofimplementing the SCO Concept ofCooperation inEnvironmental Protection for2019 ̵ 2021 and the Programme forDeveloping Environmental Wellbeing ofSCO Cities.

The member states noted the activities ofthe SCO Youth Council and praised the results ofits regular meeting inMoscow on29 ̵ 31October 2020. They emphasised the need forthe Youth Council's continued participation inimplementing the provisions ofthe Joint Address ofthe SCO Heads ofState forthe Youth and the 10 June 2018 Programme ofAction onits fulfilment.

The member states welcomed the decisions ofIndia and Pakistan tojoin the SCO Youth Council.

They noted the timeliness ofthe initiative ofthe Republic ofUzbekistan todraft a convention onyouth rights and expressed their readiness totake an active part incoordinating this document.

The member states advocate the development ofyouth entrepreneurship and the drafting ofspecial acceleration programmes onupgrading the competence ofyoung business people inconducting economic activities acrossthe SCO space. They support the SCO Youth Council's project onthe International Youth Business Incubator ofthe SCO Countries.

The member states noted the results ofthe Model SCO student meeting (Moscow, 3 July 2020) and welcome the holding ofModel SCO intellectual contests forschool and university students.

The member states reaffirm their commitment tocooperation oncountering infectious diseases and response tosanitary-epidemiological emergencies witha view tominimising the negative impact ofinfections onthe public health systems ofeach state and the socio-economic and humanitarian situation inthe region. They welcomed the results ofthe regular meeting ofthe SCO Heads ofDepartments onSanitary-Epidemiological Wellbeing (Moscow, 16 December 2019).

The member states stand forthe further development ofcooperation and implementation ofcomprehensive measures aimed atensuring their readiness torespond tothe threat ofinfectious diseases, quickly discover any outbreaks and react tosanitary-epidemiological emergencies. They emphasised the need todraft a multilateral mechanism forexchanging information onthe signs ofinfectious diseases inthe SCO space and adopted response measures inconformity withthe WHO International Health Regulations (2005).

They also advocated close cooperation betweenresearch centres, conducting joint research and development ofnew means ofdiagnosing and preventing dangerous infections.

The member states noted the initiative bythe Republic ofUzbekistan toset upa permanent SCO platform onemergency response, prevention and countering ofthe cross-border spread ofdangerous infections.

Opposing the attempts tostigmatise the coronavirus, the member states emphasise the need tofurther promote international cooperation oncountering its spread and eliminating the global political and socio-economic consequences ofthe pandemic. In this context, they adopted the Statement bythe Council ofHeads ofState ofthe SCO Member States onJoint Response Efforts Against the Novel Coronavirus Infection (COVID-19).

The member states welcomed the inclusion ofthe item onconsumer rights protection inthe SCO agenda. They emphasised the importance offurther improving the system ofconsumer rights protection, especially considering the globalisation ofthe e-commerce market, growing transborder trade and digitisation ofpersonal information and development ofcooperation onthese issues.

The member states reaffirmed their intention toexpand information cooperation, inpart, byimplementing the Agreement betweenthe governments ofthe SCO Member States oncooperation inthe field ofmass media of14 June 2019. They consider it necessary todevelop contacts betweentheir media outlets, inpart, inthe digital space and betweenthe press services oftheir government bodies.

The member states emphasise the importance ofpublic diplomacy indeveloping mutual trust, enhancing understanding and expanding cultural and humanitarian ties inthe SCO.

They noted the activities ofthe Chinese Committee onNeighbourliness, Friendship and Cooperation and the SCO Public Diplomacy Centre inTashkent and also the initiative ofthe Kyrgyz Republic toestablish the SCO Cultural Integration Centre.

International contacts

The member states reaffirm their intention tostep upforeign policy coordination inthe SCO format withinthe UN and its specialised agencies, aswell asin other international platforms. They will expand their cooperation, hold consultations and develop contacts throughtheir foreign ministries, embassies and the permanent missions ofthe SCO member states tothe UN and other international organisations.

The member states emphasise that the UN General Assembly resolution titled "Cooperation betweenthe United Nations and the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation" (New York, 30 August 2019), adopted byconsensus, reaffirms that the two organisations maintain intensive dialogue and stipulates that the international community recognises the SCO's contribution toachieving the UN's goals, objectives and implementing its agenda. They confirmed their intention tosubmit another draft resolution tothis effect aspart ofthe 75th session ofthe UN General Assembly.

The member states have praised the outcome ofthe UN Security Council meeting on "Cooperation betweenthe UN and regional and sub-regional organisations incountering threats topeace and security: the contribution bythe SCO, the CIS and the CSTO tocountering terrorism" (New York, 25 September 2019), aswell asthe special SCO-UN high-level event "Cooperation topromote peace, security and stability: preventing the linking ofterrorism withorganised crime and financing throughdrug trafficking" (New York, 19 November 2019), held atthe initiative ofthe Russian Federation.

Being a responsible and influential contributor tointernational efforts toensure peace and steady development acrossthe Eurasian space, the SCO will continue taking coordinated steps tocounter emerging threats and challenges inthe region.

The member states reaffirm their unwavering support forstrengthening equal and indivisible security inEurasia based onthe rule ofinternational law, non-interference indomestic affairs and settling disputes throughpeaceful means.

The member states are committed tofurther engaging observers and dialogue partners inmeaningful trade, economic, cultural and humanitarian cooperation, including withinthe framework ofthe SCO Business Council, the SCO Interbank Association and the SCO Energy Club. They are focused onconsistently followingthe roadmap forstepping upties betweenthe SCO Secretariat, observers and dialogue partners.

The member states call formore contacts withinternational and regional associations and organisations.

***

The member states will continue strengthening their cooperation withinthe SCO toelevate it toa new level and turn the SCO space intoa region oflasting peace, friendship, universal prosperity and harmony.

The member states praise the Russian Federation's SCO chairmanship in2019 ̵ 2020 and its results, which helped consolidate mutual trust and understanding, promote constructive and effective cooperation, and neighbourly relations and friendship betweentheir peoples.

The member states will further promote constructive dialogue, expanded and deeper partnership and multifaceted cooperation forbringing abouteffective solutions toregional and global issues, reinforcing political and economic stability and building a world order ofjustice and equity.

10 November 2020

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