In recent years, leaders of China and Russia during official meetings have been often discussing promotion of cooperation in respect of the Northern Sea Route and joined construction of “Ice Silk Road”.
The cooperation promotion regarding “Ice Silk Road” has closely connected Russian Far East with North-East Asia and Europe through Norther Sea Route. Thanks to this, Russian and Chinese regions have been given new opportunities what among others was discussed during East Economic Forum held in Vladivostok.
Topic of the present Forum is “Far East: expanding opportunities”. The Forum agenda included among others the discussion of aspects of economic cooperation between the Far East and neighboring countries as well as importance of development of the Far East Transport Corridor for ATR.
Far East development is ranked among the top priorities in agenda of the Russian External Policy. Since 2014, Russian Government has been facilitating intensive development of the Far East and the total “east turn” in the economy of the state. September 2015 was marked by holding the First East Economic Forum aimed at extension of development capability of the Far East and attraction of foreign investments.
According to opinion of experts, development of the Far East is mainly dependent on establishment of interconnection between the Far East resources and needs of surrounding regions. “Ice Silk Road” is ranked among the key projects for using the Northern Sea Route and is supposed to boost up development of main ports along the coast of the Arctic Ocean in the Far East, activate the potential of internal regions, open new channels of cooperation of the Far East with countries of the Pacific Ocean Region and the Atlantic.
Russian Far East borders Chinese provinces Heilongjiang and Jilin. According to conducted studies, establishment of linkage between these two provinces and Russian Far East will give opportunity to join the “Ice Silk Route” by means of through haulage, reach Japan and South Korea in the east, cross the Arctic Ocean and reach North Europe in the west what will significantly increase accessibility of European markets for products manufactured in the Far East. Russia is currently constructing international transport corridors “Primorie-1” and “Promorie-2” what contributes to implementation of the long-nurtured dream of internal regions of North-East China to “get access to the sea through ports”. International transport corridor “Primorie-2” links Hunchun with Zrubino and Slavyanka what yields an obvious economic benefits.
Besides that, International transport corridor “Primorie-1” will link the checkpoint of Suifehne in province Heilongjiang with Vladivostok and Pogranichniy what will also falilitate development of Suifehne and neighboring regions. A row of coastal ports of province Liaoning can be immediately inked with “Ice Silk Route” what can provide load handling service for ships arriving at and departing from these ports.
International transport corridors of Primorie and “Ice Silk Route” intersect in Far East Ports forming a large transport artery for through haulage both onshore and offshore. It will stimulate the joint development of Russian Far
East and restoration of old industrial bases of North-East China as well as facilitate occurrence of various international production chains and a broader cooperation platform.
Northern Sea Route is a sea corridor interconnecting the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans. This is also the shortest route interconnecting Asia, Europe, and America. Compared to traditional sea routes, the Northern Sea Route imposes no limits on sea cargo dimensions what can significantly increase the shipment efficiency.