In XIX century, there were three kishlaks at the place of the current large city – Shah Mansoor, Sary Assiya and Dushanbe, which stands for Monday. That was a day when the craftspeople, sellers and buyers were arriving to the market place of the kishlak from all the directions, and, from the early morning, the oriental bazaar started its buzzing.
In XIX – beginning of XX century, Dushanbe had been a part of Khanate of Buhara, but in 1922, the Soviet power was established in the city, and it was declared a capital of Tajikistan Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic as a part of Uzbek SSR. In 1929, Tajikistan obtained a new status and started being referred to as Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic.
In the same 1929, a railroad had come to Dushanbe connecting the capital to Tashkent and Moscow and, six decades prior to the state of Tajikistan becoming independent on September 9, 1991, Dushanbe turned into a modern developed city, a center of science, engineering and culture.
Beginning from 60s of the XX century, large-scale housing construction started in the city. Dozens of institutions of the Academy of Science of Tajikistan, universities and colleges, libraries, theaters were established and successfully operated in the capital. Machine-building, textile, food and processing industrial enterprises were constructed and rapidly growing in the city.
In the beginning of the XXI century, the image of the capital of Tajikistan significantly changed. Keeping the capital as a city just as green and comfortable for living and working as before, Dushanbe was decorated with a beautiful and magnificent monument to the founder of the Tajik State – Ismail Samani, Palace of Nations, the largest in the Central Asia National Library, Tadjikistan’s National Museum.
One of the highest flagpoles in the world – 165 meters high and bearing a national flag of 30 x 60 meters was installed in Dushanbe. The visitors of the capital coming to Tajikistan, admire a masterpiece of the modern national Tajik architecture – Kohi Navruz tea parlour, the renovated Botanic Garden, parks and sports facilities, the painting of the ceiling and woodcarving of the world famous Rohat tea parlour and snow white building of the Opera Theater.
Tajikistan’s capital is rightfully considered as a city of students. More than twenty universities are open in Dushanbe, a city with population of over a million of inhabitants. These universities include the largest in the Republic – Tajik National University, Russian-Tajik (Slavic) University, as well as 3 branches of the Russian prestigious universities – Lomonosov’s Moscow State University, Moscow Power Engineering Institute and Moscow Institute of Steel and Alloys. There is also the National Conservatory in Dushanbe. Over 150 thousand students study full time and off-campus in the universities of the capital, and the number of young people studying in the universities constantly grows.
Industrial estates of the Tajikistan capital is comprised of over 230 large and medium industrial enterprises, which manufacture over 300 different products, including the ones that are exported. The number of joint ventures including the ones created with participation of the businessmen from the SCO countries grows. Small businesses develop.
within the next 15 years, according to the master plan, the area of the Tajikistan capital will almost double and it will be developing to the east, west and south. Downtown Dushanbe transforms, where within next few years, new buildings of the Parliament building complex will appear. Complex of offices of the Service of Communication is under construction at the location of the former Central Post Office. This project was honored by the highest award of 5 Star Contest of the British International Property Awards in the nomination of Architecture of Asia Pacific.
The most popular recreation area for Dushanbe inhabitants and visitors is picturesque Varzob Gorge with multiple recreation zones suiting any taste, and adjacent to the northern part of the city. when one asks the Dushanbe inhabitants why they love their city, they answer without hesitation: «There are many beautiful cities. But Dushanbe is the one. It is a city to live in...»